Consideration must be given to the limited service life of lithium-ion batteries, regulations governing their return and disposal, and increasing environmental awareness in society. The result: a growing conflict between extending product life in second-life applications and earlier recovery of critical materials through recycling. In the search for sustainable solutions, this new White Paper from Porsche Consulting provides insights and assessments on life cycle management, the usability and relevance of used batteries, as well as raw material recovery processes and their economic viability.

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