Glass dome

The Porsche 944 S2 is mechanically the most exciting model in the series. Porsche Klassik has painstakingly partially restored a late version.

Text first published in the Porsche Klassik magazine, No. 16. Porsche Klassik is an independent, German publication that works in collaboration with Porsche AG. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author. 

It is a Porsche that is just really taking off as a classic model and is still affordable – the 944. But prices of 944 are moving upwards as well, because something has changed in people’s perception. All transaxle models – the cool sports cars with a glass dome from the series 924, 944, 968 and 928 featuring amazingly long hoods and pop-up headlights – capture the spirit of time more than ever today.

They are stylish, likeable, almost even exotic. It is a fact that a good 944 is more conspicuous on the road in 2020 than one of the many 911 cars.

The Porsche 944 S2 is a sports car with a top speed of 149 mph. It features ideal weight distribution thanks to the transaxle architecture – engine at the front, transmission at the rear. This results in optimum handling.

Among the various 944 models, the 944 S2 is a kind of inside tip and is worth seeking out for a number of reasons. Firstly, it is quite rare; between 1988 and 1991, less than 9,400 Coupés and 7,000 Cabriolets were built – spread over all continents. The late models with front airbags are particularly rare. Secondly, the 944 S2 is an absolute technical highlight because its 211 hp 3.0-liter engine made history as the four-cylinder engine for passenger cars with the largest displacement. 207 lb-ft of torque are available here at 4,100 rpm. The 3.0-liter four-valve naturally aspirated engine also offers better performance than the 2.5-liter twin-valve turbo engine, because the turbocharged engine needs a certain engine speed to overcome the turbo lag.

944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG

Thirdly, the pricing structure is interesting, because very good vehicles with condition ratings of 2 and better can be obtained from between $35,000-$50,000. Anyone who chooses a model that has not been restored can purchase a car for even less, in order to then work upwards through partial restoration. And that is exactly what PORSCHE KLASSIK did with the Porsche 944 S2 from 1991 shown here. Purchase price: €18,500, or about $21,000.

We intentionally looked for a 944 S2 from 1991, the last year of the trim. It had to have airbags, because safety is also important in classic cars, and there are also almost never any cracks in the plastic with airbag fittings. The 944 S2 shares the airbag steering wheel (standard from February 1991) with the 964, 928 S4 (optional), 928 GTS and 968 (CS also optional). It may not concern purists, but the heavier airbag steering wheel gives the 944 S2 a different and more solid steering feeling than the thin four-spoke steering wheels that originated from the 924 and 911 G model era. An air conditioning system and the Targa roof were also essential.

944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The 944 S2 at the selling dealer on the day of the viewing.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The 944 S2 during disassembly as preparation for painting.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The 944 S2 primed in the paint shop in front of the spray booth.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The “Cobalt Blue Metallic” finish is applied in the spray booth. Today, a body painter mixes the colour by computer. The basis for this is provided by the old paint, which is analysed for this purpose.
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Anyone who has ever driven a transaxle four-cylinder Porsche without air conditioning knows that they turn into a greenhouse in summer. The raised Targa roof alone provides only limited relief. But it is a great feature, because it can be removed and therefore allows light and fresh air when cruising on country roads. Other necessary features were a continuous history, not too many previous owners and guaranteed to be accident-free. A more secondary aspect for the 944 S2 is the mileage. That is because the engines are generally long-lived; unlike the 911 models of the time, many 944 were used for driving long distances as business sports cars. We finally chose a vehicle in the color “Cobalt Blue Metallic” that was registered to Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG in Stuttgart in January 1991. This was the color that was also successfully used for the advertising and press pictures of the 944 S2 at the time.

After almost 30 years it is completely acceptable to have a car repainted. The only condition is that the work must be performed perfectly. This is not possible without disassembly.

The 944 S2 remained a works car for three years with the registration “S – KV 6230.” After this, it was driven around the Ruhr region by its next owners, and was re-registered once more within the owner family. The third home before being sold to us was 10 years with the last owner in East Frisia. Here the sports car settled down to a slower pace of life and was driven only around 6,200 miles during the entire decade. What also attracted us and made us decide to buy this car was the fact that this 944 S2 did not have any leather in the interior, but instead featured the “multicolor fabric” of the now rare all-fabric seats.

944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
“Cobalt Blue Metallic” is a perfect match for the Porsche 944 S2.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
Original equipment: the Blaupunkt sound system plus Bosch car telephone.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
Newly covered: the steering wheel.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
Long-lived: the 3.0-litre four-cylinder engine.
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Other special features were the original height-adjustable suspension (M 030, like on the 944 Turbo) and an also original sound system – the Blaupunkt radio “Symphony” together with additional amplifier with integrated Blaupunkt equalizer plus sound package, as well as the fully functional Bosch car telephone connected to this. The latter was located in the luggage compartment with the operating unit in the cabin. Here is a useful tip – take slightly longer when searching for a car to find a vehicle like this with special equipment. Various recent invoices showed us that the previous owner had kept the technical systems in reasonable shape (including replacement of the timing belt).

The only thing that was faulty was the air conditioning system, which no longer had any refrigerant in the system after almost three decades. Having said that, this 944 2S provided a reasonable, ideal and exciting basis for slowly transforming it from a used car into a practically new classic car. The first thing that the Porsche received as a matter of routine was new Continental tires ($750 including fitting), an oil change and the official 33-point check in the Porsche Centre Oldenburg, in order to obtain the Porsche Classic Card. The checks showed that the vehicle was in peak technical condition – apart from the air conditioning system mentioned above.

Johanna Liedtke, 2020, Porsche AG
Hand craftsmanship creates a work of art. Johanna Liedtke had the task of covering the seats with the “multicolour fabric” in “Classic Grey” in the Mönnich saddlery in Oldenburg. This is extremely difficult because the pattern has to match exactly.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
Time had left its mark on the front seats.
Johanna Liedtke, 2020, Porsche AG
The 21-year-old upholstery specialist sewed the covers together from the new original fabric. The seats themselves were provided with new foam padding before covering. The look and comfort of the seats therefore corresponds to the standard of a new car.
944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The “multicolour fabric” wonderfully reflects the contemporary Porsche interior style of the late 80s and early 90s. The seats themselves offer very good long-distance comfort and optimum lateral support.
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The visual defects of the 944 S2 were very apparent. Decades of journeys on German motorways had taken their toll on the paintwork at countless locations on the exterior. The “Design 90” cast wheels fitted since the initial delivery had not been repainted well. In the interior, the fabric on the driver and front passenger seats was worn through, and the leather on the steering wheel and gear knob was no longer attractive. The tonneau cover over the luggage compartment was crumbling due to exposure to UV radiation. But is exactly here where the pleasure of restoration and replacing old parts started – Lego for adults, so to speak. For if the technical basis is in good condition, every cent invested in such a 944 S2 is worthwhile.

The first Porsche new part as a leather gear knob ($281). Work then continued in parallel both inside and outside. We found fabric for the seats at werk924.com ($680 for all seats). The long-established Mönnich saddlery in Oldenburg replaced the foam in the front seats and covered them with the new “multicolor fabric” (“Classic Grey”). Because the steering wheel is no longer available as a new part, it was covered with new leather (total saddlery costs: $3,587).

944 S2, 2020, Porsche AG
The gear gaiter in “Classic Grey” is no longer available for the 944 but can still be obtained for the 968. And that is the same as in the 944. Apart from the gearshift disc: because the 944 has five gears and the 968 six. However, the online dealer Rose Passion offers the 5-gear disc in its product range (34.20 euros).

At the same time, the car was prepared for painting. This includes removing all small dents so that filling is not necessary, as well as complete disassembly of all add-on parts, door and lids, including the tank flap. This was done by the careful body technicians at the Hansa car dealership in Rastede in North Germany. This painstaking work was performed over days at special “mates’ rates” of $1,545. This was following by painting with full photographic documentation. This allows it to be proven that the new paint coating was applied for purely visual reasons and that the work was performed perfectly. The original “Cobalt Blue Metallic” paint was applied by the Jens Karsch paint shop in Rastede, which is also the author’s home town ($3,030). Cooperation with local specialists is possible everywhere and is an important basis for ensuring that both costs and quality are right.

An example of this is the disassembly work before and after painting – almost every car driver has a workshop nearby that they trust. All you have to do is ask what is possible for a flat-rate price. Often, the shared passion for classic cars is enough to keep the costs reasonable. As part of the assembly work after painting, all rubber seals on the body of this 944 S2 were replaced. A regional specialist, the Ammerländer Polier Service (APS), stripped the paint off the original wheels and restored them to new condition by powder coating. Repair of the air conditioning system together with a new compressor and CFC-free refrigerant cost $1,736. In the end, $38,194 (€33,000) were invested in the 944 S2 including purchase price and replacement of wear parts such as the rear muffler. But the “Youngtimer” with a condition rating of 2+ is worth that. It will become an “Oldtimer” in 2021 and will therefore receive an H registration as a badge of honor.

Porsche 944 S2 Technical specifications

Engine: Four-cylinder 16V inline engine, water-cooled
Displacement: 2,990 cm³
Mixture formation: Digital Motor Electronics, overrun fuel cutoff, idle speed control, K-Jetronic
Maximum power output: 211 hp at 5,800 rpm
Maximum torque: 207 lb-ft at 4,100 rpm (1990)
0–60 mph: 7.1 s
Top speed: 149 mph

Info

Text first published in the Porsche Klassik magazine, No. 16. Porsche Klassik is an independent, German publication that works in collaboration with Porsche A.G. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author. 

Copyright: The image and sound published here is copyright by Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, Germany or other individuals. It is not to be reproduced wholly or in part without prior written permission of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. Please contact newsroom@porsche.com for further information.

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Ed Peter's main occupation was Sales Manager Porsche USA – he was also a very gifted amateur photographer.